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The History of Alchemy
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Smithsonian Channel. Video Contest. Games Daily Sudoku. Universal Crossword. The Alchemist, like most other towers, has the appearance of a monkey, despite not having "Monkey" in the name. It wears a purple buttonless overcoat with a yellow rim and with its sleeves rolled up. It also has a pair of goggles with pink-tinted lenses and gold frames, attached by a brown strap. It carries a round-bottom flask filled with red acid.
In the artwork, the flask does not appear to be capped. Larger Potions Larger potions splash in a larger area. Berserker Brew Special brew gives Monkeys extra damage, range, and attack speed. Stronger Stimulant Extra strong brew has even more powerful effect on the target.
Stronger Acid Acid potions dissolve Bloons faster. Transforming Tonic Transformation ability: Turns Alchemist into powerful attack Monster for 20 seconds. Total Transformation Transforms five Monkeys nearby into crazy attack monsters for 20 seconds. Acid Pool If no Bloons are nearby Alchemist can drench nearby track with acid.
From Alchemy to Chemistry
Faster Throwing Throws acid and potions faster. Rubber to Gold Converts all Bloons partially into gold, getting more cash per pop from affected Bloons. Instead, the knowledge of master alchemists was transferred to apprentices under a shroud of secrecy ; because that knowledge was so powerful, alchemists wrote in obscure symbols, codes and metaphors to protect their ideas and insights.
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Despite all the mystery, not all the experiments were bogus. Lawrence Principe, a chemist and science historian at Johns Hopkins University, decided to recreate a medieval alchemy experiment , one that he hoped would conjure a "philosopher's tree" made from a tiny bit of gold. The philosopher's tree was a precursor to the philospher's stone.
He blended gold and mercury into a flask, which he then placed under warm sand in his lab. Days later, he was astonished to see that the recipe had in fact worked, generating a golden tree-like structure that would've undoubtedly drawn even more awe centuries ago. These kinds of wonders may not have been possible if not for the work of countless alchemists of yore, who often used techniques like sublimation and distillation that would be familiar to any modern chemist. Swiss physician Paracelsus was one famous alchemist from the 16th century.
Part prophet, part metallurgist, part doctor, he became known as the world's first toxicologist , because he realized the correlation between dosage and toxicity — that poisons in small doses might be helpful to humans, while larger doses could be fatal. In his work, Paracelsus gave rise to the concept of making clinical medical diagnoses and then treating conditions with specific medicines.
How Alchemy Paved the Way for Chemistry | HowStuffWorks
In the 17th century, British inventor, philosopher and scientist Robert Boyle wished to find the secret of the philosopher's stone, which in the alchemic tradition was the most powerful force in nature. That power, he thought, was a key to the secrets of the universe.
Although Boyle is best-known today for pioneering the scientific method and for the law named after him Boyle's Law says that the volume of a gas varies inversely with pressure , he was enamored with alchemy all his life. At the same time Boyle was hard at work, Isaac Newton , the genius who gave shape to the laws of gravity and optics, was actively involved in alchemy.