So the word of God was committed originally to the Jews.
As the designated custodians of the inspired word of God, they knew which books were canonical, and which were not, and they knew this without the assistance of the yet to appear Catholic Church. Luke And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms , concerning me.
Luke Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,. Here in the above verse, Jesus divides the written word of God into three categories. Christ was appearing to the disciples shortly after His resurrection and He was expounding to His disciples on the testimony of the scriptures about Himself, from one end of the Bible to the other. From the beginning at Moses; next to the prophets; and then on to the last division that began with Psalms; Christ explained from the Hebrew Bible, the TaNaKh, how it revealed Him to be the Messiah.
Mat Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Mat Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. Mat Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. Mat Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
Mat Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: Mat That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.
Mat Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation. Here the scribes and Pharisees are boldly proclaiming that had they lived in the times of their forefathers, they would not have stoned the prophets of God, that they would have known better. But Jesus says they have persecuted men of God just as their fathers had, and that they would continue to do so v.
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Then note what is said in the next verse " What could Jesus be referring to? Well, Abel was murdered in the book of Genesis, the first book of the Bible. And Zacharias? What book is his murder related in? Well let's look at our third text, a parallel passage, first:. Luke From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias , which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation. Luke Woe unto you, lawyers! Note that Jesus accuses the scribes and Pharisees of taking away the key of knowledge.
66 Books Of The Bible
What key is that? And what is God requiring of that generation? The answer is in the phrase " From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias Well, again, Abel was slain in the first book of the Bible Gen Now those Protestants who anticipate the answer might begin looking for the murder of Zacharias in the book of Malachi. Because Jesus is again referring to the full breadth of the scriptures the key of knowledge, the oracles of God , from the first book of the Old Testament, to the last book of the Old Testament.
A Protestant therefore, might well open their Bible to search in the last book of the Old Testament, Malachi, for the martyrdom of Zacharias. That is correct. In the Hebrew Bible the last book is the book of Chronicles.
Who Decided What Books the Hebrew Bible Would Contain?
That is where we find the murder of Zechariah between the altar and the temple:. It is worth noting that while Abel was the first martyr, Zechariah is not the last in the Old Testament, chronologically speaking. That was the prophet Urijah, killed by king Jehoiakim in Jeremiah , more than a century after the martyrdom of Zechariah:.
Had Jesus been speaking chronologically, from the first martyr to the last He would have said - from the blood of Able unto the blood of Urijah, but that is not what He intended.
He was clearly saying from the first book of scripture, to the last book of scripture. Therefore, in Matthew and Luke , and in Luke , Jesus was explicitly referring to the order and divisions of the books in the Hebrew Bible as the complete span of scripture. The following table shows the collective logical result of the quotes of Jesus.
Note particularly that the third division of scripture is defined as beginning at Psalms and ending with 2 Chronicles. So why the seeming discrepancy in lineage? The author of the book of Zechariah about B. It may be that "son of Barachias" in Matt. Because the parallel passages of Luke and Matt. The books of the second and third divisions have been redistributed and arranged according to categories of literature -- history, poetry, wisdom, and prophecy.
The Main Divisions of the Bible
It is a significant fact that in all these Alexandrian Bibles the traditional Hebrew order is broken up by the interspersion of the additional literature among the other books, outside the law, thus [in the opinion of the Catholic writer] asserting for the extra writings a substantial equality of rank and privilege. It is this striking change in grouping and sequencing of books in the Greek Septuagint that so eloquently testifies to the fact that in the above quotes from Jesus Christ, He was referring not to the Septuagint, which included apocryphal books not found in the Hebrew canon, but to the original TaNaKh, the Hebrew Bible, which excludes the apocryphal books.
Note below the significant variations in content and ordering of books in the oldest existing copies of the Septuagint, and that no two are exactly alike. While many have previously believed that Christ and the Apostles used the Greek Septuagint because it was the common tongue of the day, the recent discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls at Qumran proves conclusively that the Old Testament was available in Hebrew in Israel at the time of Christ. Note the following verse:. So it would seem, based on the above Catholic commentary, that Catholics do, in fact, accept that Christ was referring to scripture in the Hebrew language, and NOT a Greek translation!
What is the LXX? No Jewish source versions of the Septuagint are known to exist today, fueling speculation that the apocryphal books may never have been a part of the original Jewish produced Greek manuscript, but were only included in subsequent Christian copies. See Inventory of the Qumran manuscripts. Both these texts, attributed to Ben-Asher, placed Chronicles at the beginning of the 3rd division, the Ketuvim Writings.
However, modern reprints of the Leningrad Codex have moved the book of Chronicles back to its tradition place at the end of the Ketuvim. See Biblia Hebraica Leningradensia. Note that while the Hebrew Canon counts 24 books, and the Protestant Old Testament counts 39 books, they are identical in actual content, the difference for the count being the grouping of certain books into one scroll in the Hebrew canon. Also note the change in arrangement and sequence of books between the Hebrew and Christian Old Testaments. Orthodox Catholics also include 3 Maccabees, 4 Maccabees, and Psalm So the New Testament, recognized unanimously by Catholics and Protestants alike as the inspired word of God, clearly indicates through the words of Jesus Christ that the Hebrew Bible, the TaNaKh, contains all the inspired canonical books of the Old Testament.
This excludes as spurious, and non-canonical, the Apocryphal or Deuterocanonical books found in Catholic Bibles, which are colored red in the above tables, and proves that Catholic definitions of the canon by Popes and Councils, to include the "infallible" declaration of Trent, are in error. The Protestant Bible of 66 books, while it contains the same 39 Old Testament canonical books as the Hebrew TaNaKh, does not retain the original grouping and order cited by Jesus Christ, rather, it follows the order of the Latin Vulgate used by the Council of Trent in , when it allegedly declared the Roman Catholic Canon infallibly.
Genesis 2. Exodus 3. Leviticus 4. Numbers 5.
web.enduropls.com/gevaf-praxis-ii.php Deuteronomy Historical Books 6. Joshua 7. Judges 8. Ruth 9. Proverbs Ecclesiastes 20 Song of Songs Job Wisdom of Solomon Esther - Chapter 10 beginning at verse 4, thru Chapter Tobit Judith Prophetical Books Hosea Amos Micah How do these dates relate to the prophecy of Daniel? Rashi says that the 70 years of exile in Babylon begins from the destruction of the temple. This is an error. It is clear from the Bible that the Babylonian exile ended in the first year of Cyrus' reign.
Therefore, there are only 52 years and not the full 70 that the word of G-d demands. The prophet Ezra also supports that it was in Cyrus' first year that the exile ended. And whosoever is left, in any place where he sojourns, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill-offering for the house of G-d which is in Jerusalem.
The reason that Rashi erred in his calculations is that he neglected to study Jeremiah's prophecy sufficiently. Had he studied Jeremiah, he would have known that it was wrong to begin the Babylonian exile with the destruction of the first temple, for Jeremiah says that the beginning of the exile is when Nebuchadnezzar ascended to Jerusalem in the fourth year of the reign of King Yehoakim.
King Yehoakim continued to rule an additional seven years, after which ruled his son, Yehoachin for just three months. After Yehoachin, King Tzeddekiah ruled for 11 years. This means that the Babylonian exile began 18 years prior to the destruction of the first temple. According to the historical calculations, the exile began in BC and ended in BC. Daniel says, " from the going forth of the word to restore and build Jerusalem unto the messiah the prince, there shall be seven weeks 49 years.
Rather, Daniel is speaking about an edict to rebuild the city of Jerusalem. We have spoken previously concerning the difficulty of knowing just who Daniel is speaking about when referring to "the anointed prince. Let us return to our discussion of verse 26 and the period of years.
Even though one cannot be for certain when to begin the period, or whether these years are consecutive, there is a tendency among the majority of the commentators to speak with certainty that Daniel was referring to the edict of King Artaxerxes,. Now I had not been before sad in his presence.
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And the king said unto me: 'Why is your countenance sad, seeing you are not sick? This is nothing else but sorrow of heart.